Motorcycle Wrecks in Louisville, Kentucky and Indiana

Louisville Motorcycle Accident Injury LawyerMotorcycle wrecks tend to involve serious injuries and large medical expenses.  Usually, the injuries are far worse for the motorcyclist and the medical expenses alone can easily exceed the insurance coverage on the at- fault driver.

It is lawful to drive in Kentucky and Indiana with insurance coverage of just $25,000 per person, the state minimum; so there is no guarantee that the other driver has enough insurance to pay for your medical expenses much less your claim for pain and suffering.  Also, many motorcyclists don’t understand the need to put underinsured motorist coverage on their motorcycle insurance and they assume incorrectly that their car insurance will apply while they are riding their motorcycle.

I have handled multiple motorcycle wrecks wherein the at-fault driver had no insurance or the wreck was a hit and run.  For example, I handled a personal injury claim wherein a good friend of mine was involved in motorcycle wreck wherein the at-fault driver fled the scene of the automobile accident.  My friend was injured to the extent that he was hospitalized for several weeks and had over $700,000 in medical expenses.   All indications are that the at-fault truck was uninsured. This could have very easily have been a motorcycle wreck involving wrongful death cases as well. In this case, the problem was that the motorcyclist only had $25,000 of uninsured motorist coverage on his motorcycle. While we looked at trying to make his automobile insurance apply to the injuries sustained while he was on his motorcycle, the automobile insurance had a valid exclusion that meant it would not provide insurance coverage while he was riding his motorcycle.  As a result, the total recovery on this case limited to $25,000 while the value of the personal injury claim was over $1,000,000.  In essence, the value of a personal injury claim , for the same injuries, is entirely dependent upon whether your were hit by a commercial tractor trailer or a 1980 Chevette insured by Safe Auto for the state minimum of $25,000 per person.

Similarly, I am in the process of a handling another motorcycle accident wherein my client’s medical expenses total over $1,000,000.   In this case, the motorcycle rider did not own the motorcycle that was involved in this wreck.  He was riding a motorcycle provided to him by a friend for a short errand.   While I believe the friend may  have some liability for the wreck because he negligently entrusted a dangerous machine, his motorcycle, to my client who was not adequately trained on how to ride a motorcycle, my client does not want me to pursue such a claim. As a result, the recovery on this claim is limited to the liability coverage on the at fault driver that is $25,000 and another $25, 000 of underinsured motorist coverage I was able to track down through a grandparent’s policy. In essence, I was able to make a policy of underinsured motorist coverage apply to this wreck because my client lived with his grandparent at the time of the motorcycle accident.   Basically, insurance coverage can apply to a resident relative  of the same household even though that injured party is not named on the insurance policy and the vehicle involved was not listed on the insurance policy.

This is why it is so important for a motorcyclist to be an informed consumer and have the insurance coverage they need from the first moment they get on a bike. As a personal injury lawyer, I need to assess how and where to recover for my client’s personal injury claim when a motorcycle wreck has happened.  To evaluate a personal injury claim from a motorcycle wreck, I have to look at:1) was the at-fault driver insured and how much was he insured for; 2) if the at-fault driver was uninsured, was the vehicle he was driving insured as someone else owned the vehicle; 3) does my client have uninsured or underinsured motorist coverage on his own insurance policy, motorcycle or automobile policy, that we can recover from; 4) does my client have no-fault, med-pay or health insurance coverage that might cover his medical bills and; 5) are there any liens that will need to be satisfied out of my client’s injury settlement.

Motorcycle Laws and Insurance Coverage When a Bike Crash Occurs

Experienced Louisville Motorcycle Injury LawyerThe laws of Kentucky and Indiana only require that a person have $25,000 per person in insurance coverage.  It’s extremely important that you have, in your motorcycle insurance policy, a substantial amount of uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage.  Yes, I can sue the at-fault driver for a judgment, a piece of paper that says he owes you more money, but if he has no assets to his name, that judgment is of little value. Underinsured motorist coverage lets me make a claim against your own insurance policy for the amounts not covered by the at-fault driver’s insurance.  Whether underinsured coverage applies and whether you took the proper steps, required by Indiana and Kentucky statutes, to preserve this claim, is a complicated question.  As a result, I would ask you again to contact me so that we can make sure your personal injury claim is properly evaluated before any steps are taken that might impact this claim.

Motorcycle Accident Liability and Comparative Fault

Kentucky is what is known as a pure comparative fault state while Indiana is what is called a modified comparative fault state.  Comparative fault basically refers to how fault for the wreck is divided among the drivers. In Kentucky, a motorcyclist could be 99% at fault for an accident and still recover 1% of his damages. This is why we call Kentucky a pure comparative fault state. In Indiana, you can not recover on a personal injury claim if a jury determines that your fault for causing an accident is equal to or greater than the other drivers.  So in Indiana, a motorcyclist would recover $0 on his personal injury claim unless a jury determined he was 49% or less at fault in causing the accident.

Investigating the Motorcycle Accident and Options for Financial Recovery

More than automobile accidents, I really hope that if you were injured in a motorcycle accident you will contact me very soon after the accident. Why? Because I want to know if your injuries and the facts of the accident justify the involvement of an accident reconstructionist.  Very simply, we may want to send an accident reconstructionist to the accident site to see what physical evidence the police may have missed at the accident scene.  Sometimes, this can make the difference as to whether you can recover on your injury claim or not.

How Do I Value My Case?

You don’t listen to your friends as they will tell you that they know of someone who did not get hurt and he/she recovered $25,0000.  While I wish that were the case, it most likely is not.  Insurance companies fight before they just hand over money to an injured person.  Also, you don’t try to use standard formulas like three times your medical expenses.  Those formulas existed in the past and are no longer used by insurance carriers. These assumptions will take you down the wrong road and you may end up in a lawsuit because of false expectations.

Until someone looks at all of your medical records, no attorney can really provide you with a value for your case.  A case value depends upon a multitude of factors including: amount of property damage; length of treatment; type of treatment; lost wages; pre-existing medical conditions existing before the accident; liability for the accident; aggravating circumstances such as a drunk driver; insurance company involved and; prior experience with this particular insurance adjuster.

Fatal Motorcycle Crash Lawyer Wrongful DeathI see many attorneys act like realtors when they first speak to a potential client and promise that the world to sign up the case.  Realtors, to obtain a house listing, have no problem using the figures you want to believe your house is worth only to tell you six months later, “Sorry I was wrong and the market changed.”  I won’t do that.  I am not going to promise you the moon and let you get your hopes up only to change my story once the first low offer comes in from the insurance carrier.

As an attorney who knows other attorneys who also have extensive personal injury practices, I have an advantage that you don’t.  Many times, without revealing information protected by the attorney-client privilege, will discuss your case with attorney friends of mine so I can get their input as what they believe the case is worth.  Basically, I want to make sure that I am accurately valuing your personal injury claim.  After all, as an attorney who is always advocating for you, it is not hard to start believing our own hype.  I don’t want to put you through the rigors of a lawsuit unless I am sure that the case justifies it and the insurance company has incorrectly valued the claim.

If you want an attorney who will give you a straightforward, honest evaluation of your case, I can do that.

Liability: Who is at Fault in Causing the Motorcycle Wreck?

The first question for any personal injury claim is who caused the motorcycle crash?  We want to gather information about how the car wreck happened, immediately.  If you are at the scene of an automobile accident, do not hesitate to take your cell phone out and take pictures of the accident scene. Take pictures of everything you can.  Obviously, I am not telling you to concentrate on taking photographs and neglect your injuries. Rather, if you or your family members have the means to take pictures of the accident scene, do it.  Stories as to how the motorcycle crash happened can change. However, as the old saying goes, a picture is worth a thousand words.

Also, you need to understand that the perception the public still has of motorcycle riders is that they are reckless drivers that speed and cut through traffic.  As soon at the motorcycle crash happens, you need to gather evidence to fight that misconceived idea.  One of the best ways to establish the other driver was at fault is to take pictures of the accident scene.  Further, take pictures of your bruises and scrapes.  Insurance companies deal with hundreds of personal injury claims every day. You want to do everything you can to show that your personal injury claim is not their typical claim for pain and suffering.

Also, if liability for the accident is disputed, we can have an accident reconstructionist, view the photos taken by you, your family, the police department, and your testimony.  This accident reconstructionist can provide us with a report of his conclusions as to how the motorcycle crash occurred.  We may then choose to furnish this report to the insurance companies in an effort to show them that we can put their driver at fault for the motorcycle wreck.  This may very well give us the opportunity to resolve your case without the need for litigation.

An accident reconstructionist can be very expensive so the injuries from the motorcycle wreck have to justify the expense. However, if we move quickly and/or preserve the evidence, we have a better chance that such a professional can help us with a solid opinion as to how the accident happened.

If You Think Liability is Going to be Disputed, DO NOT WAIT TO SEEK LEGAL ADVICE!

I have handled enough motorcycle accidents to know that most people are dealing with issues involving surgery, broken bones, medical bills and lost wages as soon as they motorcycle wreck occurs.  As a result, victims of a motorcycle accident are not thinking about hiring an attorney.  While this is understandable, I want you to consider a big problem that can arise from you waiting to seek legal advice.  Simply put, we need to preserve as much evidence as possible and prepare for the possibility that your case may go to trial several years from now.

I recently explained the use of an accident reconstructionist. These professionals tend to be retired police officers with extensive training in regard to physics, biomechanics and how those sciences relate to a motor vehicle crash. These folks don’t come cheap!  The last time I used one my firm had to advance $7,000 for his investigation and report. However, without his report, we had no case at all since the majority of fault seemed to rest with the motorcycle operator whom I was representing.

While there is still evidence on the roadway and while the vehicles can still be located, we want to consider whether an accident reconstructionist can help us and is worth the expense. Such a professional can give me an informal opinion as to whether he believes we can prove the other driver was at fault in causing the motorcycle wreck.  Granted, even such an informal investigation can cost more than $1,000 so we cannot do it for every case. However, if the injuries justify the expense and you contact my office quickly, we at least have the opportunity to see what evidence, if any, we can gather from the roadway that the investigating officer may have missed.

While all personal injury cases are different, I previously I handled a case for an automobile accident that occurred on a small back road in Indiana. The automobile accident occurred on a two-lane road and the question was who crossed the center-line thereby causing a head-on collision.  My client was a newly licensed driver who had only obtained her driver’s license maybe six months before the car wreck occurred. Since the other driver was an older lady who had her driver’s license for many years, everyone’s first impression was that my young driver was the one who crossed the center-line.  Luckily, my client’s mother contacted me shortly after the accident and we were able to send an accident reconstructionist to the accident scene.  Based upon the information my accident reconstructionist provided me in a report, I was able to convince the insurance company for the elder lady that she was completely at fault for the car wreck. As a result, we were able to recover the policy limits for my client.  Moreover, it should be noted that the insurance company had hired an accident reconstructionist of their own. The insurance company’s reconstructionist reviewed our report and agreed with everything contained therein.  This is a wonderful example of how moving quickly can make all the difference in showing who was at fault in causing the motorcycle crash.  While every case may not warrant the use of an accident reconstructionist, moving quickly gives us the opportunity to enlist the help of such a professional when it is called for.

Comparative Fault:  What do I Have to Show in Kentucky or Indiana?

Kentucky is a pure comparative fault state. In essence, this means that a jury could find you were 95% at fault for causing a motorcycle wreck and yet, you would still be allowed to recover 5% of your damages. It does not matter what percentage you use as long as the apportionment of fault, between the drivers, adds up to 100%.  In other words, as long as a jury does not find you 100% at fault for causing a motorcycle crash, you can recover some of your damages.

In contrast, Indiana is a modified comparative fault state. This means that you cannot recover any of your damages unless the other driver bore the majority of fault for the motorcycle crash. In other words, if a jury says you are 50% or more at fault in causing the motorcycle crash, you would not be allowed to recover any of your damages.  In Indiana, you have to be 49% or less at fault in causing the motorcycle wreck or you cannot recover any of your damages.

As a result, the first question we have to look at is can we and how do we prove fault on the other driver? The first step is to take a look at the police report and see what it says. Next, does the police report list any witnesses or do we know of any witnesses not listed on the police report? Chances are, unless liability is very clear, we may want to get written or recorded statements from these witnesses right away.  If it looks like fault may be disputed, we may want to hire an accident reconstructionist as we talked about above.  Additionally, we need to review who said what after the accident occurred and determine if there were any surveillance cameras that may have caught the motorcycle wreck on film?

I am not at Fault in Causing the Motorcycle Wreck.  What do I do Next?

My first concern with every motorcycle accident I handle is “How am I going to get my client’s medical expenses paid?”  Very simply, healthcare is not cheap and in most cases involving motorcycle accidents, the medical bills tend to be very high.  For example, the helicopters that fly people from the accident scene to the trauma center tend to be an average cost of about $25,000.

When I first sign up a motorcycle case, I look for insurance on the other driver and I want to know how much. At the same time, I will immediately request the medical records and bills for my client’s EMS and hospital stay.  This is because very soon after we know which company the at-fault driver is insured with, I want to be able to stress to insurance company that this is not the typical personal injury claim. One of the best ways to do that is to hit them early on with medical records and bills demonstrating that your injury is more severe, with more medical expenses, than may they may expect in a typical motor vehicle accident.

My next step is to find a way to get your medical bills paid if there is one. Ideally, you have health insurance that will cover these bills. I am also looking for med-pay coverage or no-fault coverage.[1]

If this kind of insurance coverage is not present, we might have to consider giving your doctor a lien on your personal injury claim. This means that we both agree the doctor’s charges are paid before you receive any funds from your personal injury claim. While this is not ideal, it may be are only way of getting you the treatment you need for your injuries.

Next, I usually turn my attention back to the motorcycle and automobile policies you own. This time, I am looking for uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage. Basically, I am determining if your own motorcycle or automobile insurance will provide us with a fallback in case this other driver has no insurance or very little insurance.

Once I have a understanding of these types of coverage, I will meet with my client again to figure out my game plan and my expectations as to where we can succeed on his/her personal injury claim.  Of course, the game plan can change as more facts are learned about the motorcycle accident but, I think it is important that my client understand the legal process and the pitfalls in regard to the same.


How Long do I Have to File a Personal Injury Claim from the Motorcycle Accident?

This question is referring to the statute of limitations.  In Kentucky, most personal injury claims have a one-year statute of limitations. This time limit is contained in KRS 413.135.  However, for motor vehicle accidents, Kentucky law says that the statute of limitations is two-years from the date of the accident or two-years from the date of the last no-fault payment. [2]  The Kentucky statute of limitations for motor vehicle accidents is contained in KRS 304.39-230.

The statute of limitations varies according to the state law that applies as well as the type of case involved. In Kentucky and Indiana both, the statute of limitations for a motorcycle accident is two years from the date of the accident.[3] This means that suit must be filed, with the proper court, within two years of the date of the accident or the claim is barred like it never existed.


The way the system works is that your personal injury claim lives and dies on the information contained in your medical records.  As a result, if you don’t go seek treatment for the first four weeks following a motor vehicle accident, it looks like you were not hurting for those four weeks!

So, yes, from a legal standpoint, you have time to resolve your personal injury claim. However, from a practical standpoint, your case lives and dies on the content of your medical records. Please note that I am not telling you to seek medical treatment when you don’t need it.  I am telling you to seek medical treatment if you need it and don’t wait weeks thinking that the injuries will resolve by themselves. If you don’t know how your medical treatment is going to be paid for, call my cell phone, (502) 609 – 7657, and I will be happy to discus it with you at no charge.

One of the hardest cases for me to win is where someone does not seek treatment for the first four weeks after a motor vehicle accident.  In this scenario, I have the additional burden of showing that your injury was caused by this motor vehicle accident and no other accident (e.g. slip and fall) happened from the time of the accident until your first treatment.  If you are in fact hurting from a motor vehicle accident, get the medical treatment you need as further delay only hinders the prosecution of your personal injury claim.

Does Kentucky Law Require a Helmet When I Ride my Motorcycle?

Kentucky law does not require all riders to use a helmet.  The statute is KRS 189.285.   If you over 21 and have had your operator’s license for more than a year, you may operate your motorcycle without a helmet. This is true whether you are a passenger or the operator of the motorcycle.

However, if you are under 21 and have had your license for less than a year, you must wear a helmet.  Passengers must be over 21 to ride without a helmet.

What do I Need to Lawfully Operate a Motorcycle in Kentucky?

KRS 189.285 says that you have to have:

1)   a valid motorcycle operator’s license;

2)   an eye protective device and;

3)   a rear-view mirror on the motorcycle.

Do I Need a Motorcycle Operator’s Licence in Kentucky?

Yes. Your motorcycle is a motor vehicle and unless you are operating your bike only a private property, you need a motorcycle operator’s license.

I Only Have an Instruction Permit.  Can I Let a Passenger Ride on my Motorcycle?

No. Kentucky law requires you to have a motorcycle operator’s license before you can lawfully carry a passenger.

I Want to Learn How to Ride a Motorcycle.  Where do I Begin?

The Kentucky Motorcycle Safety Program has schools set up throughout the Commonwealth. They can be contacted at 800-396-3234.

What is the Difference Between a Motorcycle and a Moped?

According to KRS 189.285, a moped has less than 50 cubic centimeters of cylinder capacity. Anything in excess of that is considered a motorcycle.

How Much Insurance do I Need on m Motorcycle to Get it Licensed?

The minimum amount of insurance you need on your motorcycle is governed by KRS 304.39-110.  This statute states you need liability insurance coverage of at least $25,000 per person, $50,000 per accident and $10,000 in property damage.   You can have one insurance policy with a single limit of $60,000 to comply with these requirements.

I strongly recommend that you have more insurance than the minimums prescribed by KRS 304.39-110.  Whatever you do, please don’t stop reading at this point. Please read below to discover why the Kentucky or Indiana statutes put you at risk for becoming bankrupt from a motorcycle accident.

What if the Insurance Company for my Motorcycle does not Offer the No-Fault Coverage, Uninsured Motorist and Underinsured Motorist coverage?

The statute is KRS 304.39-040(3).  If your insurance company sells motorcycle insurance within the Commonwealth of Kentucky, they are required to at least offer you the kind of insurance coverage we are talking about.

My Motorcycle Insurance Policy Says I Have “Pedestrian PIP.”  Does this Mean I am Protected?

No.  Kentucky is what is referred to as a no-fault state.  For accidents involving pedestrians, this means that the vehicle that hits the pedestrian is responsible for that pedestrian’s medical expenses up to $10,000.  For motorcycles, Pedestrian PIP is referring to this concept. You are basically paying for pip coverage for the pedestrian you hit with your motorcycle.  This kind of PIP coverage does not in any way protect you or your passenger.

I was in a Motorcycle Accident and my Insurance Company is now Saying They Don’t Owe my Medical Bills or Lost Wages.  What are They Talking About?

Kentucky is a no-fault state. In essence, this means that the insurance company for the vehicle you are riding in is responsible for your medical bills and lost wages up to $10,000.[4]  So if you are in my car and we are hit by a drunk driver while waiting for a stoplight to change, my insurance company owes you $10,000 of medical expense and lost wage coverage. It does not matter that I was not at fault in causing the accident. They have to pay the no-fault benefits and try to recover them from the drunk driver’s insurance company.

Kentucky law states in exchange for this right, you give up the right to recover the first $10,000 in medical expenses and lost wages and it becomes the right of the insurance carrier, a.k.a. the PIP carrier.  The statute is KRS 304.39-060.  This statute says if there is no PIP carrier, your still lose the right to recover the first $10,000 in medical expenses and lost wages.  In essence, the statute is punishing you for not having your vehicle properly insured.

As unfair as it is, Kentucky law acts like a motorcycle operator is an uninsured driver.  As a motorcycle operator or a motorcycle passenger, Kentucky law says you are not entitled to PIP insurance unless you specifically purchased it for your motorcycle.  See KRS 304.39-040(4).  Most motorcyclists don’t purchase PIP coverage as it is expensive insurance.

As a result, if you are riding a motorcycle and you did not purchase PIP coverage, KRS 304.39.060 controls. This statute, as discussed above, says it is not your right but the right of the PIP carrier to recover the first $10,000 in medical expenses and lost wages. In other words, even though your motorcycle is lawfully insured, Kentucky law is going to penalize you as soon as you get on that motorcycle, treat you like your motorcycle was completely uninsured and not allow you to recover the first $10,000 of your medical expenses and/or lost wages.[5]

As a Motorcycle Operator, Can I Get Around This $10,000 Penalty?

Kentucky law does allow you to reject your no-fault benefits. The rejection has to be filed with the Kentucky Department of Insurance and by filing it, you can recover the first $10,000 in medical expenses and lost wages from the insurance company for the at-fault driver. However, if you do this, only file a rejection for your motorcycle and make sure you have health insurance to cover your medical expenses. Otherwise, you are taking a big gamble as to whether we can get your medical bills paid or get you the medical treatment you need.

Can a Passenger on a Motorcycle Recover Her Medical Expenses?

Yes. Attorneys too often overlook this exception.  KRS 304.39-040 says a passenger on a motorcycle is not entitled to PIP coverage. However, KRS 304.39-060(2)(c) says a passenger can recover his/her medical expenses and lost wages in tort.  In other words, your passenger has a personal injury claim for the full amount of their medical bills against the at-fault driver.

How do I Find Out More About Kentucky Motorcycle Law?

Motor vehicle accidents in Kentucky are controlled by the Kentucky Motor Vehicle Reparations Act.  That Act can be found at section 304.39 et seq. of the Kentucky Revised Statutes.


Indiana statutes define a motorcycle as  “a motor vehicle with motive power having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground. The term does not include a farm tractor or a motorized bicycle.”  That definition comes form Indiana Code 9-13-2-108.

Do I Have a Motorcycle or Moped According to Indiana Law?

Indiana law says over 50 CC’s, it is a motorcycle. Under 50 CC’s, it is a moped.  The specific statute is  IC 9-13-2-109? which says:

“Motorized bicycle” means a two (2) or three (3) wheeled vehicle that is propelled by an internal combustion engine or a battery powered motor, and if powered by an internal combustion engine, has the following:? 1) An engine rating of not more than two (2) horsepower and a cylinder capacity not exceeding fifty (50) cubic centimeters.?        (2) An automatic transmission.?  3) A maximum design speed of not more than twenty-five (25) miles per hour on a flat surface.?The term does not include an electric personal assistive mobility.

Do I Need a Helmet to Ride a Motorcycle in Indiana?

No. If you are over 18, you don’t need a helmet. If you are under 18, yes you have to wear a helmet that has a protective face shield.  The specific statute is IC 9-19-7 and it states:

IC 9-19-7-1?Minors; protective headgear and face shields?Sec. 1. An individual less than eighteen (18) years of age who is operating or riding on a motorcycle on the streets or highways shall do the following:?(1) Wear protective headgear meeting the minimum standards set by the bureau.?(2) Wear protective glasses, goggles, or transparent face shields.?

What Other Equipment do I Need to Ride a Motorcycle in Indiana?

IC 9-19-7-2? Handlebars; brakes; footrests; lamps and reflectors? Sec. 2. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), a motorcycle operated on the streets or highways by a resident of Indiana must meet the following requirements:?(1) Be equipped with handlebars that rise not more than fifteen (15) inches above the level of the driver’s seat or saddle, when occupied.?(2) Be equipped with brakes in good working order on both front and rear wheels.?(3) Be equipped with footrests or pegs for both operator and passenger.?(4) Be equipped with lamps and reflectors meeting the standards of the United States Department of Transportation.?(b) A motorcycle manufactured before January 1, 1956, is not required to be equipped with lamps and other illuminating devices under subsection (a) if the motorcycle is not operated at the times when lighted head lamps and other illuminating devices are required under IC 9-21-7-2.?

IC 9-19-7-2.5?Rear view mirrors; speedometers; turn signals ?Sec. 2.5. A motorcycle manufactured before January 1, 1956, is not required to be equipped with the following devices:?(1) A rear view mirror.?(2) A speedometer.?(3) Mechanical or electric turn signals.

Does Indiana Law Penalize Me for Riding a Motorcycle?

No. Unlike Kentucky law, Indiana allows a motorcyclist to recover the full amount of their medical expenses from the at-fault driver.

How Long do I Have to File a Personal Injury Claim from a Motorcycle Wrreck Occuring in Indiana?

The statute of limitations for a motorcycle accident happening in Indiana is two years from the date of the accident. Unlike Kentucky, there is no way to extend this time limit. The relevant statute is Indiana Code 34-11-2-4.

How Does a Motorcycle Rider Get His Medical Bills Paid for in Indiana?

In Indiana, settlements are inclusive of the medical expenses and liens.  As a result, the at-fault carrier is legally responsible for your medical bills in Indiana, assuming you can show that they were at fault in causing the motorcycle crash and they have enough insurance coverage to pay your medical expenses.

However, the at-fault driver is not going to settle any part of your claim or pay any part of your medical expenses until your entire personal injury claim is resolved. As a result, if you were injured in the motorcycle accident, you have to use either med-pay coverage or your health insurance to pay for your medical bills. If you don’t have either, then we have to do the following: 1) try to get a doctor to treat you on the condition that he will be paid out of your settlement and; 2) try to negotiate down your medical bills to put more money in your pocket from your settlement.

Of course, the big issue may not be how we are going to get your medical bills paid but rather, how are we going to get you the treatment you need?

Does Indiana Offer Motorcycle Safety Courses?

Yes, if you contact the Indiana Bureau of Motor Vehicles, they can provide you with a listing of the facilities authorized to provide this course.

What About Underinsured Motorist and Uninsured Motorist Coverage for a Motorcycle Accident in Indiana?

Indiana plays a lousy trick in regard to this kind of coverage.  Basically, there is an offset.  You can only recover underinsured motorist benefits to the extent that the other driver has less liability insurance than you have underinsured motorist coverage.

For example, If the at-fault driver has $100,000 of liability coverage and you have a $250,000 policy of underinsured motorist coverage, you can only recover a total of $250,000 between all the parties involved.  In other words, the underinsured motorist carrier gets to deduct the benefits it owes you to the extent you recovered from the at-fault driver’s insurance company. So in this example, the liability carrier pays $100,000 and the underinsured motorist carrier pays another $150,000.  So even though you should be able to recover a total of $350,000 since you purchased a $250,000 underinsured motorist policy, Indiana law only lets you recover a total of $250,000. Kentucky law is the exact opposite in that you could recover a total of $350,000, ($100,000 +$250,000) in the above example.

So if your motorcycle is registered in Indiana, I would suggest you have $250,000 or more of underinsured motorist coverage. This is because I see a fair number of insurance policies from Indiana having liability coverage of $100,000. Well, if the other driver is insured for $100,000 and you have $100,000 of underinsured motorist coverage, you don’t have an underinsured motorist claim. Basically, $100,000 minus $100,000 equals zero. As a result, you can recover $100,000 from the liability carrier and $0 from your own company as underinsured motorist benefits.  In Kentucky, it would be the opposite. You could recover $100,000 from the liability coverage and $100,000 from the underinsured motorist carrier for a total of $200,000.

So What Happens if I Drive My Mortorcycle Outside the State it’s Insured In?

This can actually be a very complicated question that could take an entire book by itself to answer.  This area of the law is known as Conflicts of Law and it addresses when a court is going to apply its own law versus the law of another state. However, as a general rule, the answer is that the insurance coverage you buy in your state follows you to other states and that insurance policy is controlled by the law of the state it was issued.

So if you are riding your motorcycle from your home in Kentucky through Indiana, the insurance coverage you purchased in Kentucky still applies for the motorcycle wreck that happened in Indiana.  While Indiana law may control the law in regard to the motorcycle wreck, Kentucky law, in regard to your motorcycle insurance policy, should still control.

This is a complicated area of the law and I would encourage you to call me if you think your case presents a Conflicts of Law Issue.  However, you should know this.  Purchase in your home state the insurance coverage you need to protect you and your family and it should follow you to any other state you travel in.

Can the Desmond Law Office, PLLC, Help if My Motorcycle Wreck Happened Outside of Kentucky or Indiana?

I am only licensed to practice law in Kentucky and Indiana. As a result, if your car wreck or motorcycle accident happened in another state, I will have to refer you to local counsel for that state to handle your case.  However, I still want you to call me as I am not giving to give you another attorney’s name unless I would let him handle a personal injury claim for myself.

I might decide to co-counsel your case with this other attorney but that decision depends upon the circumstances of each case.  Regardless, I will use my resources to try and find you someone that you can trust.  I will do my best to find you an attorney who can provide you with competent legal services and whom other attorneys recommend.

Don’t just trust your personal injury claim to anyone. Make sure it is someone whom other attorneys respect and who would allow them to handle a claim for their own family members.

Whom Should I NOT Trust about My Motorcycle Accident?

The simple answer is anyone you don’t know. Nowadays, when a motor vehicle accident happens, people will show up at the scene or call you as they found your name on the police report. They will try to act like they have your best interests in mind and what to help you find the right doctor or that your insurance company wants you to go see this particular doctor. I call these people “bird-doggers” as their real intent is to get you connected with an attorney or a chiropractor for their own profit. They also may promise to loan you money against your case.  Hang up the phone and walk away from them!

Make sure you know whom you are dealing with. If they say they represent an insurance company, make them prove it.  You want your attorney to have your best interests in mind and no one else’s.  These bird-doggers are claiming to help you are doing so only because they get paid to get you to a certain doctor or lawyer. Avoid them at all costs!  While I may like to deal with certain doctor offices, I make it very clear to all the doctors that you are my client and my loyalty runs to you.  You are my client and according to the rules of law, I must always act in your best interests. Make sure that anyone who is working on your behalf understands the importance of that statement.


Make Sure You Have the Right Kind of Coverage BEFORE You Get on the Bike!

When a motorcycle crash happens, it is like a photograph is taken. All the insurance coverage applicable at that minute the photograph is taken stays in that photograph. However, just as no one can remove that motorcycle insurance from the photograph, no one can add insurance coverage to that photograph either.  This is why you can change motorcycle or car insurance the day after an accident and the company at the time of the accident, still has responsibility for handling the claim.

The advice I am giving you about no-fault insurance, med-pay benefits, uninsured motorist coverage or underinsured motorist coverage applies no matter who your attorney is!  Regardless who your attorney is or even if you decide to handle your injury claim on your own, the material about insurance coverage is great advice that applies to car wrecks, automobile accidents and motorcycle wrecks in both Kentucky and Indiana. Also, if you live outside Indiana or Kentucky, your state still has some kind of equivalent type of insurance coverage. Now that you know what it is, go to your insurance agent and buy the kind of insurance you need to protect your family before the accident happens.

Let me be clear about something. I hope you never need the advice I am giving you.  I tell all my clients “No offense but considering the kind of work I do, I hope to never see you again!”  I am not trying to offend them and they are welcome to call me whenever they need me. Nevertheless, I hope that this will be their last motor vehicle accident.  Granted, I am giving you advice that is designed to protect you in the event of the really bad motor vehicle accident.  Most motor vehicles accidents do not involve surgeries and hospital stays.  I don’t deny that. I just want yours to be a personal injury case wherein we recovered the full value of your claim and not an amount you were forced to accept.  Do your research before the motor vehicle accident and give me, or whomever you hire as an attorney, a means to compensate you for the actual value of your personal injury claim.


I GET IT! I understand that if you have been injured in a car wreck, you don’t know what to do!

You have friends telling you to contact their attorney, insurance companies telling you don’t need a lawyer and twenty injury attorneys on television promising you checks.

This is why you can reach me on my call phone, NOW! 502-609-7657